EQ Cheat Sheet

Kick

  • Lows at 20-60Hz
  • Weight at 60-80Hz
  • Knock/Thump at 120-600Hz
  • Click/Bite at 104kHz
  • Crack at 3-8kHz

Snare

  • Balls at 120-250Hz
  • Body at 200-400Hz
  • Crack around 1kHz
  • Snap at 6-8kHz
  • If the kick hits high, roll away the snare lows to avoid masking.

Hi-Hats

  • Body at 1-3kHz
  • SParkle 8-11kHz
  • Sibilance at 5-8kHz
  • Rollaway lows from at least 300Hz

Percussion

  • Depends on the sound and purpose
  • Congas have body at 150-200Hz and slap at 5kHz
  • Tambourines sparkle above 5kHz

Bass

  • Critical power lives at 50-120Hz
    •  Small changes here have a major impact and can cause a bass to sound fat or thin
  • Additional harmonics can be found up until around 8kHz

Sub Bass

  •  16-60Hz. 
    • Keep in mind if you're producing music to be heard in the club, that most club sound systems' low end falls off between 30 and 40Hz.

Bass Guitar

  • Botton end at 50-80Hz
  • Fat and Chunky around 250Hz
  •  Growl at 600-700Hz
  • Figner noise from 700Hz-1.2kHz
  • Snap at 2.5kHz

Lead Synth

  • Can be hot anywhere from 60hz (in a bass as lead scenario) to 8kHz.
  • It's important that your lead works alongside the bass, not against it, so check for overlapping frequencies.
  • If the bass must dominate, cut the lows out of the lead synth.
  • In scenarios where the bass acts as your lead synth, remember to cut out the extreme sub bass lows. 

Pads

  • Find body and warmth around 200-400Hz
  • Presence can be found around 1.2kHz
  • If your pad is playing a supporting role, cut out lows and some high end. 

Keys

  • Find fullness as far down as 80Hz
  • Presence at 2.4-4kHz
  • Rollaway extreme lows to make room for sub.

Electric Guitar

  • Body at 250-450Hz
  • Presence at 1.3-2.8kHz
  • Clarity at 3kHz
  • Muddy below 80Hz
  • Beware of spiky frequencies 

Vocals

  • Body at 200-700Hz
  • Nasal at 1Khz
  • Presence at 4-6kHz
  • Male vocal range is from 250Hz-9kHz, with overtones above
  • Air at 11-12kHz+
  • Rollaway extreme lows below 80Hz 
  • Be careful when boosting 5-10kHz as it risks adding sibilance.

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